“U(N)/PLU” Resolving GLOSA’s Basic Confusions
by Mr. Li Zhenyu, Beijing, China, Nov 5, 2010
The Logic and Characteristic of Glosa
Most of Glosa's basic confusion come from over-using "Tako-Glosa(Fast
Glosa)" forms like "Mi volu.;Mi kanta." in place of "U volu de mi, U
kanta de mi". If we use the more exact phase structure "u(n)/
plu...de...", which will be much longer than Tako-Glosa. So, many
people design various new Glosas to improve the original.
Some of those plans by adding affixes showing PARTS OF SPEECH have
deviated the ISOLATING CHARACTERISC of Glosa. If their designers think
that's clear for grammar or sentence structure, why don't they directly
use Esperanto or Mondlango? I know, they like its Latin and Greek
vocabulary which is the most common in all Euro-language, also quite
short in the word shape, and, especially attractingly, its compound
words are quite easy and logical. Speaking of this, I'd like to give
examples to show why Glosa attracts more people.
"birdo"of Espreranto and Mondlango derives clearly from English "bird",
not common to any other western languages! Glosa "avi" defives from
Latin, common to most of Euro-languages! English "AVIary;
AVIation,etc."are associated to the meaning "avi(bird)", which is about
"bird's living place; flying". Esperanto and Mondlango can't introduce
the Latin root “avi” for “avi” has the same letters “av” which meet the
same shape of another word “avo(grandparent) of theirs both”.
Glosa's "bio" derives from Greek, which is more common and shorter than
Glosa "vive" and Esperanto's and Mondlango's "vivo" that derives from
Latin. Mondlango can't introduce the Latin root "bio" for the same
meaning, because "bi" became its "two",whose "Bia (adj. of two,)" will
have the same root “bi-” of "Bio(n. life)-->Bia(adj. of life)".
"Bia(of two)" and "Bia(of life) are not allowed. Contrarily, Glosa can
do this, because Glosa "bi(two)" needn't add some affixes like "-o, -a,
-e, -u" and can indepently be. Thus, Glosa is free and flexible in word
Glosa's "akti-lexi" and "Meno-bi" are absolutely easy and intelligent
than "verb,verbo" and "February,Februaro" of the other three languages.
No need to give more explanations here, since even fools can see!
“U(N)/PLU” Resolving Glosa’s Basic Confusions
There’s an easy way only by showing "U(N)/PLU" in front of all noun
phrases without adding any extra new words and forms or changes to the
original Glosa, in order to resolve some of basic confusions in Glosa.
Mi volu=I want. (Not: my will).
Mi nu volu=I now want. (Not: my present will).
Mi pa volu=I wanted. (Not: my past will).
Mi fu volu=I will want. (Not: my future will).
Mi volu es boni= I want to be good.
Mi pa volu es boni= I wanted to be good.
Mi fu volu es boni= I will want to be good.
u volu= a/the will (n.)
mi u volu= my will
na u-ci volu= our this will (u-ci volu de na=this will of ours)
fe plu-la volu=her these wills (plu-ci volu de fe=these wills of hers)
Mi u volu es boni= My will is good.
Mi u volu pa es boni= My will was good.
Mi u volu fu es boni= My will will be good.
Mi u nu-volu es boni= My present will is good.
Mi u pa-volu es boni= My past will is good.
Mi u fu-volu fu es boni= My future-will will be good.
Mi plu volu es boni= My wills are good.
Mi tri volu es boni= My three wills are good.
Mi panto volu es boni= All my wills are good.
Mi u volu tri es boni= My will is good.
Mi u mega volu es boni= My big will is good.
Mi u mega volu tri es boni= My third big will is good.
Mi u Robota= My Robot
Na plu Robota= Our Robots
Mi, u Robota=I, Robot
Na, plu Robota=We, Robots
Mi e na plu robota= I and our robots
Mi u e na plu robota= My and our robots
Plu robota de mi e na = (The) robots of mine and we
Plu robota de mi e de na = (The) robots of mine and ours
fe u bovi= her ox (sng.)
an plu bovi= his oxen (plr.)
u fe-bovi=a/the female ox, a/the cow
plu an-bovi= a/the male ox, a/the bull
Dona u robota a mi.= Give a/the robot to me. Better not: Dona a mi u
robota.= Give (to) me a/the robot. For avoiding some possible confusion.
Dona plu robota a mi.= Give (the) robots to me. Better not: Dona a mi
plu robota.= Give (to) me (the) robots. For avoiding some possible
Fe bi-rota.= she bicycles.(she rides a bicycle.)
Fe bi-rota ad u cita.= she bicycles to a/the city.(she rides a bicycle.)
Fe u bi-rota= Her bicycle.
Fe plu bi-rota= Her bicycles.
Fe tri bi-rota= Her three bicycles.
Aqa u flori= Water a/the flower
Un aqa flori= A/The water flower
U karo ami=A dear friend. (U) Karo ami=Dear friend.
Plu karo ami= Dear friends. "Karo plu ami" is seen in some places, which should be wrong!
** You can see also the french translation of this page : here